Cotton is one of the important fibers used to make clothes and a number of textile products. Cotton has a history of about 7000 years. It was cultivated by many civilizations. There are four types of cotton commonly produced, is Gossypium hirsutum, Gossypium barbadense, Gossypium arboretum, and Gossypium herbaceum. The fabric-like Cambric, Corduroy, Denim, Seersucker, and Terrycloth are made from cotton. Cotton is measured in ‘Bales’, a Bale equal to 480 pounds. The estimated global production is about 25 million tons. China is the largest producer of cotton in the world.
India extends to farm cotton as the demand increases. The cotton was cultivated in 50,000 hectares in 2002, and it increased to 8.4 million hectares in 2009. The total area of cultivation is about 9.6 million hectares in India.
China is the world leader in Cotton Production, and China is the largest populated country makes it more demand cotton, it is also the largest importer and consumer of cotton. The total Cotton Production of the country is about 29 million bales.
Cotton Industry in India is Huge and is recognized as the birthplace of the cotton industry, believed it has about 3000 years of history, it is also named for Finest and Beautiful cotton fabrics. The cultivated area is larger than in China. The total cotton production is around 28 million bales per year.
The USA is the largest country and using the modern way of cultivation in hundreds of hectares, it is also importing cotton from major cotton-producing countries. American farmers are cultivating cotton in the modern view with the machinery. The Production of cotton is about 18.0 million bales per year.
Brazil is a major exporter of agricultural products, and cotton is one of the most important farming crops in the country, producing around 10.9 million bales every year.
Pakistan is the 4th largest producer of cotton in the world, also one of the largest exporters and consumers. The Production was done by small farmers, with over 1.4 million farmers depending on cotton as their income and cultivating over 3 million hectares of land. Pakistan produces about 10.3 million bales of cotton per year.
Europe is the most important consumer for Uzbekistan, which is also the world’s third-largest exporter. In Uzbekistan, the majority of cotton production is done by small farmers and organically. Cotton output is around 4.6 million bales per year.
Australian farmers were the world’s first to see the possible bioengineering. Australia has the best GDP and the farmers use modern technology to cultivate Cotton. Production is about 4.2 million bales of cotton per year.
The Turkish cotton industry has paved the way for the growth of local improvements, infrastructure, and the establishment of hundreds of textile enterprises. It exports high-quality cotton and produces around 2.8 million bales of cotton per year.
Cotton is one of the country’s key sources of wealth, and cotton-related companies have grown rapidly since cotton farming improved. Turkmenistan produces around 1.6 million bales of cotton per year.
Cotton agriculture has a long history in Greece; the country exports cotton and cotton products to other nations. The soil in Greece is suited for cotton cultivation, and farmers employ contemporary equipment to plant cotton; annual cotton production is around 1.4 million bales.