Island is a part of the Subcontinental land that is encircled by water. The List is ranked based on largest by Area, Some of the islands are in Single Countries and some are shared by the Countries. The Countries located on Islands are Indonesia (Largest Island Country), Madagascar, Papua New Guinea, Japan, Malaysia and many of Island Countries on the Earth. Although the landmasses named Afro-Eurasia, Americas, Antarctica and Australia are not normally called “Islands”, Every landmark surrounded by the Water, the islands are identified on their size and surroundings, So What is the largest Island in the World? According to the Categorization, the list of largest Islands on Earth mentioned below.
The below listed islands are excluding continental landmasses as that not normally called Islands.
1. Kalaallit Nanaat (Greenland)
Greenland located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, the Island is Huge covered by the contemporary Ice sheet and very hard to live. The inhabitants here have about 4500 years of History. The official language is Greenlandic and Nuuk is the Capital and largest city of Greenland with 16,464 populations in 2013.
Population: 56,370 (2013)
Area: 2,166,086 km2
Continent: North America
2. New Guinea
Historically know as Papua New Guinea is the second largest island in the world, is home to several highest peaks rising up to 4,884 meters high. The island is rich in natural diversity, the caves, thick rainforest and there are many caves that unexplored. The Island has inhabitations from thousands of years, some of the tribes still live here with their traditional way.
Population: 7.5 million (2005)
Area: 786,000 km²
Continent: Greater Australia
Borneo is the third largest island in the world and largest in Asia, the island consists three countries are Brunei, Malaysia and Indonesia. The island’s highest point is Kinabalu in Malaysia at the height of 13,435 ft. The island has significant rivers and cave systems, the rainforest of Borneo is over 130 million years old, thousands of species of plants, trees, mammals and birds can be found on the island.
Population: 18.59 million (2009)
Area: 743,330 km²
Madagascar fourth largest island located in Indian ocean, the island is the biodiversity spot, over 90% of the world’s wildlife can be found here. Antananarivo is the capital and largest city of Madagascar, the official language is Malagasy.
Population: 22.29 million (2012)
Area: 587,041 km2
5. Baffin Island
Baffin Island located in the Canadian territory, is the fifth largest island in the world and largest in Canada. Iqaluit is the largest city in the Baffin Island, many of highest peaks rising over 2,000 meters high. The island is home for some biggest lakes, and most part of the island completely with ice sheet in the whole year.
Population: 10,745 (2006)
Area: 507,451 km2
The island is located entirely in Indonesia and sixth largest in the world, and Medan is the largest city, Kerinci is the highest point. The climate is hot and tropical, the rainforest with great landscapes place for thousands of species of flora and fauna.
Population: 50,365,538 (2010)
Area: 473,481 km2
Honshu is the main and populous island in Japan, is 130 km long and 50 to 230 km wide with 5450 km of coastline. Honshu is one of the frequent earthquake and volcanic encountered place on earth, the largest city Tokyo located in this island, highest point is mount fuji at 3,776 meters.
Population: 103 million (2005)
Area: 230,500 km²
This island located in northern part of Canada is the eight largest islands in the world and second largest in Canada after Baffin Island, Cambridge Bay is the largest city in Victoria. The highest point is in Shaler Mountains at 655 meters, the climate is cool and in some season ice sheet covers in most part of the island.
Population: 1,875 (2006)
Area: 217,291 km2
It is the ninth largest island located in coast of continental Europe, is surrounded by hundreds of smaller islands. Britain comprises England, Scotland and Wales and the main ethnic group is British. The highest point of this island is at 1,344 meters.
Population: 63 million (2009)
Area: 209,331 km²
Ellesmere Island is the very close to Greenland as located near to the north pole is completely covered by ice sheets and is not the perfect place for living. The island has only 146 inhabitants among them of 141 people lives in Grise Fiord (largest city in Ellesmere), the highest point is Barbeau Peak at 2,616 meters.
Population: 146 (2006)
Area: 196,236 km²
Other Largest Islands in the World
|Rank||Islands||Area (km2)||Area (square miles)||Country|
|12||South Island||145,836||56,308||New Zealand|
|14||North Island||111,583||43,082||New Zealand|
|17||Cuba (main island)||104,556||40,369||Cuba|
|18||Iceland (main island)||101,826||39,315||Iceland|
|20||Ireland||84,421||32,595||Republic of Ireland and United Kingdom|
|22||Hispaniola||73,929||28,544||Dominican Republic and Haiti|
|25||Sri Lanka (main island)||65,268||25,200||Sri Lanka|
|26||Tasmania (main island)||65,022||25,105||Australia|
|28||Alexander Island||49,070||18,946||Antarctic territorial|
|29||Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego||47,401||18,302||Argentina|
|30||Severny Island (Novaya Zemlya, North)||47,079||18,177||Russia|