World’s Longest Canals (Artificial Rivers)

Canals are man-made waterways that are used for a variety of purposes such as irrigation, shipping, local transportation, flood control, and tourism. In addition, it links rivers, lakes, cities, and seas. The old towns were widely linked by water canals, which facilitated transit.

The Panama Canal is not on the list; it connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and saves a lot of time and money for ships, and it is considered one of the world’s engineering marvels. The Grand Canal in China is the world’s longest canal, stretching 1,776 kilometers and with24 locks.

Image by Zhu Bing from Pixabay
RankName of CanalLengthConnectionCountryLocks
1Grand Canal1,776 KmBeijing-Hebei-Shandong-Jiangsu-Zhejiang-HagzhouChina24
2Qaraqum Canal1,375 KmAmu Darya-Karakum DesertRussia 
3Saimaa Canal814 KmSaimaGulf of FinlandRussia8
4Eurasia Canal700 KmBlack Sea-Kuma Manych DepressionRussia13
5Manych Ship Canal700 kmBlack Sea-Caspian SeaRussia6
6Indira Gandhi Canal
650 kmHarike Barrage - Thar DesertIndia
7Erie canal 584 kmAlbany-New York-BuffaloUSA36
8Grand Union Canal461 KmLondon-BirminghamEngland236
9Nara Canal364 kmSukkur Barrage-Khaipur, Sanghar-DistrictsPakistan 
10Rhone–Rhine Canal349 kmRhine-Rhone, North Sea-MediterraneanFrance 
11Marne–Rhine Canal313 KmRhine, Marne, Meuse River, Moselle River, Canal des houillères de la SarreFrance154
12Leeds and Liverpool Canal204 KmLeeds-LiverpoolEngland91
13Suez Canal193.5 KmMediterranean Sea-Red SeaEgypt0
14Gota Canal190 KmGothenburgSwedan 

Note: The above ranking of the longest rivers includes only known longest canals; other unverified canals are not included.

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