Earthquakes are a nightmare to the Peoples on Earth that creates the huge impact on Earth’s surface and sometimes the earthquakes occur beneath the Ocean that causes huge waves popularly called ‘Tsunami’ that damages Coastlines. Commonly the effects of Earthquake include Shaking and ground rupture, Landslides and avalanches, Fires, Soil liquefaction, Tsunami, Floods, Human impacts, these are not limited. The Most deadly earthquakes in History happened on 23 January 1556 in Shaanxi Province in China, more than 830,000 lives lost. The Shaanxi is conceived to be the biggest earthquake by death.
The Indian Ocean (Year 2004) and Haiti (Year 2010) Earthquakes are the Major quakes in the decade. Earthquakes can induce the biggest loss of life, while herculean, were deadly due to their proximity to either heavily populated areas (Urban Areas). The Earthquakes are rare but most powerful that occur the great loss of life in Urban Areas and Earthquakes often create Flood, Tsunami that can abandon the islands and coastlines. We have listed in 2 Types of Largest Earthquakes based by magnitude and fatalities.
The Following list of Largest Earthquake in the World by Magnitude.
|Rank||Name of Earthquake||Date||Magnitude||Location
|1||1960 Valdivia earthquake||22-May-1960||9.5||Valdivia, Chile|
|2||1964 Alaska earthquake||27-Mar-1964||9.2||Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA|
|3||2004 Indian Ocean earthquake||26-Dec-2004||9.1–9.3||Indian Ocean, Sumatra, Indonesia|
|4||1952 Kamchatka earthquakes||4-Nov-1952||9.0||Kamchatka, Russia|
|5||2011 Tōhoku earthquake||11-Mar-2011||9||Pacific Ocean, Tohoku region, Japan|
|6||1615 Arica earthquake||September 16, 1615||8.8 (est.)||Arica, Chile, Spain|
|7||1833 Sumatra earthquake||November 25, 1833||8.8–9.2 (est.)||Sumatra, Indonesia|
|8||1906 Ecuador-Colombia earthquake||31-Jan-2006||8.8||Ecuador, Colombia|
|9||2010 Chile earthquake||27-Feb-2010||8.8||Maule, Chile|
|10||1700 Cascadia earthquake||January 26, 1700||8.7–9.2 (est.)||Pacific Ocean, USA and Canada|
|11||1730 Valparaiso earthquake||July 8, 1730||8.7 (est.)||Valparaiso, Chile|
|12||1755 Lisbon earthquake||November 1, 1755||8.7 (est.)||Atlantic Ocean, Lisbon, Portugal|
|13||1965 Rat Islands earthquake||4-Feb-1965||8.7||Rat Islands, Alaska, USA|
|14||869 Sanriku earthquake||July 9, 869||8.6 (est.)||Pacific Ocean, Tohoku region, Japan|
|15||1498 Meiō Nankaidō earthquake||September 20, 1498||8.6 (est.)||Pacific Ocean, Nankai Trough, Japan|