Man-made Lakes are Created by Dams, the Dams are built for many purpose such as Water supply, Generating Power, Farming, and Controlling overflows, Recreation. The Dams create Huge Reservoir and that called Man-made Lakes. Reservoirs are the artificial Lake or internment from a dam is used to keep water. Nowadays Water is the most needed sources for people for their uses in daily activities, agriculture and industrial purpose. Dams are the ways to store water to supply water to the people for their use, so there are thousands of dams built contingent on the volume of the River and Water demand. Presently Lake Kariba is the largest Man-made Lake in the world that can store capacity about 180 cubic kilometers of water. The largest Man-made lakes or reservoirs are created by Dams, the Top largest Reservoir listed below.
1. Lake Kariba
Kariba is the Hydroelectric Dam in Kariba Gorge of the Zambezi River located between Zambia and Zimbabwe and it is second largest Man-Made Lake in the World. The Dam can hold up to 180 cubic kilometers of water with the Catchment area of 663,000 square km and Surface area of 5,400 square km, The Dam creates Lake Kariba that has a maximum of 97 meters deeper from the surface of the water.
2. Bratsk Reservoir
Bratsk is a hydroelectric reservoir located in Russia, has a surface area of 5,470 square km and can hold up to 169 cubic km of water. The dam was constructed in 1967 and it produces around 4,500 MW electrical power.
3. Volta Reservoir
Akosombo Dam created Volta Reservoir is located in west east of Ghana, it creates hydroelectric power, this dam built on the Volta River. Volta Lake has the capacity to hold water of 148 cubic kilometers, the construction of the dam started in 1961 and opened for service in 1965 and it is the largest Reservoir by total surface area in the world.
4. Manicouagan Reservoir
This is the 4th largest man-made lake in the world located in central of Quebec in Canada, the lake covers water volume of 142 cubic kilometers and stretched surface area of 1,942 square kilometers. This Dam produces Electric power and water supply to the farmers to the surrounding places.
5. Lake Guri
Guri Dam located in Bolivar State in Venezuela, the Dam built on the Caroni River, and the dam’s opened to service in 1978. The Guri Dam covers a surface area of 4,250 square km and holds 138 cubic kilometers. The Dam has a power station with 24 Turbines of 10,235 MW capacity, the Annual generation is around 47,000 GWh.
6. Lake Nasser
Lake Nasser is the reservoir located in the south of Egypt and the lake is about 550 km long and 35 km its widest point and has a surface area of 5,250 square km. The Lake created by the Aswan High Dam built on the River Nile in 1971. The Nasser Lake’s Storage capacity is around 132 cubic kilometers.
7. Williston Lake
W.A.C Bennett Dam creates the Williston Lake and is one of the largest man-made lakes in the world located in Columbia in Canada. The Dam built on the Peace River and covered 251 km long and 155 km wide with the surface area of 1,761 square km and the total storage of the Lake is about 74 cubic kilometers.
8. Krasnoyarsk Reservoir
The Dams is Gravity Dam locate in Divnogorsk in Russia built on the Yenisey River and opened to service in 1972. The Dam covers a surface area of 2,000 square km and storage of water up to 73 cubic kilometers.
9. Zeya Reservoir
The Zeya Dam is the Concrete Gravity Dam that creates Zeya Reservoir located in the town of Zeya in Russia that close to the Chinese border, the Dam built on the Zeya River in 1975. The Reservoir covered surface area of 2,420 square km with storage capacity of 68 cubic kilometers.