Cancer is a deadly terminal disease known worldwide. This disease has no cure presently. There are over 200 different types of cancers. Cancer is characterized by the formation of masses of tissues termed tumors. Tumors are of 2 types. One which doesn’t spread in the remaining body and the other which spreads to the entire body interfering with proper body functioning. Cancer is a life-altering illness, with all the radiation and chemotherapy treatments one has to undergo for the same. Cancer initiates when cells in the body grow uncontrollably without making way for the production of new cells.
Most interestingly, as predicted by the World Health Organization, a 70% rise in cancer cases is on the radar. Studies show that 1 in every 3 women is likely to develop some cancer in her lifetime. However, there are very few cancers likely to affect women. Let us have a look at the top 5 Most Dangerous Cancers in Women.
1. Breast Cancer
Although curable, it is still the leading cause of death among women all over the globe. In 2013, this cancer has reportedly claimed over 40,000 females. Stages if breast cancer is determined on the basis of the size of tumors and whether the cancer is invasive or non-invasive. Breast cancer progressed to the fourth stage could get fatal, as it is not curable then. Almost all women in the first stage of breast cancer survive with proper treatments and medications.
2. Colo-rectal Cancer
Adenomatous polyps, Hyperplastic polyps, and inflammatory polyps are the 3 types of polyps characterizing colorectal cancer. These polyps form on the inner lining of the colon or rectum. Lymphomas, Gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and carcinoid tumors are other types of cancers affecting the colon and rectum. It is important to go in for regular screenings, especially when there is a family history of this cancer. Sudden weight loss or gain, recurring diarrhea, weakness, and lethargy, passing the blood through urine are all signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer.
3. Ovarian Cancer
This type is the cancer of the ovaries in the reproductive system of females. Ovaries contain 3 different cells, which are capable of developing 3 different types of tumors. The chances of an average woman developing ovarian cancer are very minuscule. As a female, you are likelier to develop ovarian cancer if you have given birth after 30 or had started menstruating before age 12. Hormonal Replacement Therapy has been taken for menopause treatment also causes enough for cancer of ovaries. Again, if you are a non-Hispanic woman or of black or Asian descent then you are at higher risk of developing this type of cancer.
4. Pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer develops when the pancreas, present behind the stomach develops uncontrolled cells. There are 2 types of pancreatic cancers:
- Endocrine Pancreatic cancer: Tumors developing in the endocrine pancreas where insulin is produced is termed as islet cell tumors or more commonly called Endocrine Pancreatic cancer. Albeit uncommon, the tumors are nevertheless malignant.
- Exocrine Cancer: This is the more common cousin of pancreatic cancer. Cystic tumors and cancer of acinar cells are types of exocrine pancreatic cancer. This cancer starts in the pancreatic ducts.
5. Lung and bronchial cancer
Small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) are 2 types of lung cancers. Adenocarcinoma, large scale carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma are few subtypes of non-small cell lung cancers. Lung cancer is the deadliest type of cancer in men and women alike. Deaths due to this type of cancer are only spiraling every passing year claiming numerous victims. Air pollution, inflammation, smoking habit, genetics, and family history are few reasons for lung cancer striking people. Lung cancer also has 4 stages. Chemotherapy, radiation, targeted drug therapy are few treatment options for lung cancer.
Cancer treatment is extremely costly. There are cost-effective treatment centers in India for the same. To find out top cancer hospitals check out this website Medifee
However deadly, it is possible to decrease your risk of developing cancer. This is possible by avoiding consumption of tobacco products, increased physical activities, going for preventive health check-ups, a healthy and balanced diet, and also breathing fresh air. 90-95% of deadly cancers are a result of environmental and lifestyle factors, it is important to breathe right. Maintaining a healthy body mass index is a must for keeping obesity at bay.