14 Top Historical Sites and Places in the World

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  • Post last modified:December 19, 2022

Machu Picchu

A lost Inca city is located on the crest of a mountain (at a height of 2430 meters above sea level) in a remote location in Peru’s Cusco region. In 2007, it was named one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Inca civilization built this metropolis as an architectural marvel for Inca Emperor Pachacuti between 1438 and 1472. UNESCO designated this location as a world-historic site in 1983.

Machu Picchu
Image by LoggaWiggler from Pixabay

The Pyramids at Giza, Egypt

With a profound history of almost 3000 years, the Great Man created the most renowned building of all time. The pyramid is over 146.5 meters (481 feet) tall, with a base length of 230.4 meters (756 feet) on each side and a mass of more than 6 million metric tons. People keep voting for it as one of the seven wonders of the world, and it stays on the list. The Giza Pyramids were built between 2540 and 2560 BC.

Pyramid of Giza
Image by Pete Linforth from Pixabay

The Great Wall of China

This is one of the world’s seven wonders. The building was started in the 5th century and kept up and fixed up until the 16th century. The official length of the Great Wall is 13,170.7 miles, including 359 kilometers of trenches and 1,387 kilometers of natural obstacles. The Great Wall of China spans nine provinces and towns. The first section of the Great Wall took ten years to build, with the oldest section dating back roughly 2,700 years. During construction, almost 400,000 labourers died. Their bodies were buried inside the wall.

The Great Wall of China
Image by panayota from Pixabay

Chichen Itza

This was considered one of the world’s new seven wonders. Chichen Itza was built around 900 AD by the Maya Civilization, and it is located in the Mexican state of Tinum. This is one of Mexico’s most popular tourist destinations.

Chichen Itza
Image by Darvin Santos from Pixabay

Petra, Jordan

This is the coolest sight carved in Jordan’s Arabah, and it was found by a Swiss adventurer in 1812. Petra is well-known for its rock-cut architecture and system of water conduits. It was constructed as the Nabataean capital, probably around 1200 BC. Since 1985, UNESCO has designated it a World Heritage Site. 810 meters is the total elevation.

Petra, Jordan
Image by Heidelbergerin from Pixabay

Stonehenge

Stonehenge is almost 3000 years old, although other experts think it’s closer to 500. The large, solitary stone contains dozens of myths. This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that has been designated since 1986. It is about 13 kilometers from Salisbury.

Stonehenge
Image by Sally Wilson from Pixabay

Colosseum

This is an amphitheater in the heart of Rome, Italy, and it is an example of Roman architecture. Under the emperors Vespasian and Titus, building on this monument began in 72 AD and was finished in 80 AD. The Colosseum can accommodate 50,000 spectators.

Colosseum
Image by Sung Rae Kim from Pixabay

Persepolis

Perspolis was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979. Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire and was built in 515 BC. Persepolis is located 70 kilometers from Shiraz, Iran’s contemporary capital.

Persepolis
Image by ali soleymani from Pixabay

Acropolis

The UNESCO World Heritage Site is located here. The Acropolis is a capped rock 490 feet high in Athens, Greece. This location is in the city of Athens, Greece, and it is around 3 hectares in size. The building of the Acropolis took place between 490 and 415 BC.

Acropolis
Image by Christo Anestev from Pixabay

Potala Palace

The Tibetan capital of Lhasa is home to this impressive palace. The construction of the Potala Palace began in 1645, under the direction of the Fifth Dalai Lama. Located in the middle of the Lhasa Valley at an elevation of 3,700 meters. It has been dubbed the “New Wonder of the World” by local media outlets.

Potala Palace
Image by Evelyn Chai from Pixabay

Alhambra

The Alhambra was built in 1492 in Granada, Andalusia, Spain. It is a fortress complex and a beautiful palace. This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with a lot of interesting things to see within.

Alhambra, Spain
Image by Makalu from Pixabay

Angkor Wat

This is a temple in Cambodia’s Angkor Wat complex. Around the 12th century, it was erected for King Suryavarman II. The temple’s exterior wall stretches for around 3.6 kilometers. It is the biggest religious structure in the world.

Angkor Wat
Image by falco from Pixabay

Eastern Island

The world’s most remote inhabited island. Built between 300 and 1200 CE, most of this island’s works were made with stone, including Ahu, stonework, Moai (statues), myths, stone walls, stone homes, and petroglyphs.

Ahu in Eastern Island
Image by María Victoria Alister from Pixabay

Tajmahal

Taj Mahal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the world’s seven wonders. It is located in the Indian city of Agra. Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and was finished in 1653. This Moghal-style structure attracts 3 million visitors annually.

Taj mahal in India
Image by laxmi lodhi from Pixabay

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Posted by: Worldlistmania Contributor