Refineries are the systems that separate and clean crude oil before converting it into automotive oil, LPG gas, petroleum, and other valuable products. The countries that import oil from the oil-reserved countries are India, China, and the United States. There are thousands of refineries around the world, both large and small, owned by private and public companies.
The largest oil refineries are built on the availability of crude oil in specific locations that are also convenient for transportation to deliver fuel to various parts of the country. The ‘Jamnagar Refinery‘ is India’s largest oil refinery, with a capacity of 1,240,000 barrels per day, and SK Energy Co., Ltd. Ulsan Refinery is South Korea’s second-largest oil refinery, with a capacity of 1,120,000 barrels per day.
1. Jamnagar Refinery (Reliance Industries)
It is a private crude oil refinery operated by Reliance Industries and is located in the Indian state of Gujarat. The refinery was commissioned in 1999 and built 668,000 bbl/day capacity units, which were later expanded to 1.24 million bbl/day capacity.
Daily Production (In Barrels): 1,240,000
Location: Jamnagar, India
2. SK Energy Co., Ltd. Ulsan Refinery (SK Energy)
SK Energy is an oil and gas company based in South Korea. It is in charge of a variety of oil-related products. The Ulsan unit is the world’s second-largest oil refinery corporation.
Daily Production (In Barrels): 1,120,000
Location: Ulsan, South Korea
3. Paraguana Refinery Complex (PDVSA)
The Paraguana refinery, located in the Venezuelan state of Falcon, was inaugurated in 1949. The three units are known as the Amuay Refinery, the Cardon Refinery, and the Bajo Grande Refinery, and they are managed by the Venezuelan state-owned firm Petroleos de Venezuela.
Daily Production (In Barrels): 940,000
Location: Paraguana, Falcon, Venezuela
4. GS Caltex Yeosu Refinery (GS Caltex)
This refinery is located in Seol, South Korea, and was founded in 1966. It is owned by Chevron and GS Group, and it serves petroleum products all over the world.
Daily Production (In Barrels): 730,000
Location: Yeosu, South Korea
List of Major Oil Refineries in the World
|Rank||Name of Refinery||Operating Company||Location||Barrels per Day|
|1||Jamnagar Refinery||Reliance Industries||Jamnagar, Gujarat, India||1,240,000|
|2||SK Energy Co., Ltd. Ulsan Refinery||SK Energy||Ulsan, South Korea||1,120,000|
|3||Paraguana Refinery Complex||PDVSA||Paraguana, Falcon, Venezuela||940,000|
|4||GS Caltex Yeosu Refinery||GS Caltex||Yeosu, South Korea||730,000|
|6||Port Arthur Refinery||Motiva Enterprises||Port Arthur, Texas, USA||600,000|
|7||Baytown Refinery||ExxonMobil||Baytown, TX, USA||572,500|
|8||Ras Tanura Refinery||Saudi Aramco||Saudi Arabia||550,000|
|9||Garyville Refinery||Marathon Petroleum||Garyville, LA||522,000|
|10||S-Oil Ulsan Refinery||S-Oil||Ulsan, South Korea||503,000|
|11||Baton Rouge Refinery||ExxonMobil||Baton Rouge, LA, USA||502,500|