20 Countries by Most People Living with HIV-AIDS

In 2009, around 260,000 children died as a result of AIDS. South Africa has the highest rate of HIV/AIDS infection. Furthermore, HIV/AIDS is a serious problem in many African countries. Between 1981 and 2006, it killed approximately 25 million people globally. According to the World Fact Book, the list below shows which country has the greatest number of HIV/AIDS patients in the world, and now, with the development of the Rapid HIV Test Kit, its detection has become quite easier. This is a list of the top 20 nations in terms of the number of HIV-positive people.

HIV infected T cell
Photo by NIAID via Flickr

20. Myanmar

Myanmar is a Southeast Asian country. The Burmese Ministry of Health has declared AIDS a disease of concern. According to UNAIDS, between 200,000 and 570,000 individuals were infected with HIV/AIDS.

Lesotho flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 200,000–570,000

19. Indonesia

Indonesia, a country in Southeast Asia, is the 4th most populous country in the world. There were around 300,000 people with HIV/AIDS, or somewhere around 0.1% of the population.

Indonesia Flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 310,000

18. Botswana

Botswana has the fastest-growing economy in South Africa. In 2006, the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Botswana was projected to be 24 percent among adults, making Botswana the country with the highest infection rate in the world.

Botswana flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 340,000

17. Cote d’Ivoire

The Republic of Cote d’Ivoire, also known as the Ivory Coast, is a nation in West Africa. As of 2014, there were around 460,000 people living with HIV/AIDS, with a prevalence of 0.60 per 100 adults in 2003. In 2003, an estimated 47,000 people died as a result of AIDS.

Cote_d'Ivoire flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 460,000

16. Thailand

HIV/AIDS was first recorded in 1984 in Thailand; over 500,000 people have died since then, and Thailand has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in Asia.

Thailand flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 532,500

15. Cameroon

Cameroon is a country with around 560,000 inhabitants (as of 2004; see latest statistics below) living with HIV/AIDS, or 6.90 per 100 adults.

Cameroon flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 610,000

14. Ukraine

Ukraine is the biggest country in Europe and the largest Sovereign state in Europe. It has a high death rate and a low birth rate. Ukraine has one of the world’s fastest-growing HIV/AIDS epidemics. According to UNAIDS, 685,000 individuals were infected with HIV/AIDS.

Ukraine flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 685,000

13. Zambia

Zambia’s population is around 13 million, and HIV infection in this country has reached 1 million. Infection rates are highest in towns and cities and lower in rural areas with low population density.

Zambia flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 1,000,000

12. Malawi

Approximately 1.1 million (10.8% of the country’s population) people are HIV-positive. People in Malawi responded to services provided for HIV/AIDS, which resulted in a gradual decline in HIV prevalence.

Malawi flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 1,100,000

11. United States

About 1.2 million people live with HIV as of 2009, and about 1/8th of them are unaware of their infection. The infection was first found in 1980. Around 50,000 people are infected with HIV each year in the U.S.

USA Flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 1,200,000

10. China

China is the most populated country, and the number of people infected with HIV is believed to be approximately 1.25 million, or 0.1 percent of China’s entire population. The Chinese government has made numerous advancements in the prevention of HIV infections.

China flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 1,250,000

9. Uganda

Uganda, a country on the African continent, is one of the world’s most HIV/AIDS-infected countries. Since 1990, the Ugandan government has been battling HIV/AIDS and has developed an AIDS Information Center to provide HIV testing and counseling services.

Uganda flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 1,300,000

8. Tanzania

Tanzania is one of the countries in Eastern Africa, According to the WHO (World Health Organization), in 2012, the prevalence of HIV was estimated at 3.1%. Comparing 2012 with 2001 data, AIDS deaths has decreased by 33%.

Tanzania flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 1,400,000

7. Russia

Russia is the largest country by area with a sufficient population; according to the Federal HIV Center, the number of HIV infections will exceed 2 million by 2022

Russian Flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 1.4 million

6. Kenya

Kenya has a high rate of HIV infection; more than 3 million Kenyans are HIV-positive, and more than 700 people die each day from HIV disease; Over 1.5 million individuals have perished from HIV/AIDS since 1984. HIV/AIDS has been labeled a national calamity by Kenya’s government.

Kenya Flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 1.5 million

5. Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is one of the smaller countries by area and has a low population, estimated national HIV prevalence rate is 15%, with a 12% infection rate for men and 18% for women.

Zimbabwe Large

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 1.5 to 2 million

4. Nigeria

Nigeria is the 7th most populous nation, and the rate of HIV in Nigeria is much lower compared to other African nations in terms of total population. As of 2014, the HIV prevalence rate among adults ages 15–49 was just 3.1% of the total population.

Nigeria Flag large

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 1.7 million

3. India

India is the world’s second-most populous country, and the government has taken significant efforts to prevent HIV infection, which has now been reduced from 0.41 percent in 2002 to 0.27 percent. The number of new HIV infections has dropped by half in the past decade.

India Flag large

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 2.1 million

2. Mozambique

Mozambique, a country on the African continent, is one of the world’s poorest and least developed countries. In 2011, about 11.5 percent of the population was infected, and health officials estimated that over 1.7 million individuals were HIV-positive.

Mozambique flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 2.3 million

1. South Africa

South Africa is the world’s 24th most populous country, with an estimated 6.3 million HIV-positive people, according to the 2013 UNAIDS Report (13.6 percent of black people, 0.3 percent of white people). The government made efforts to combat AIDS, including increasing funding for the breadth of AIDS treatment.

Total Population Flag

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 7.7 million


https://www.thebody.com/health/hiv-treatment – HIV Treatment: Everything You Need to Know

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