Cotton is the most important fiber that used to make clothes and number of textile products. Cotton has history about 7000 years. It cultivated by the many civilization around the globe, there are four types of cotton growing commonly that is Gossypium hirsutum, Gossypium barbadense, Gossypium arboretum, Gossypium herbaceum. The present estimated productions are about 25 million tones per year worldwide, as China is the largest producer of cotton in the world. Cotton makes fabric like Cambric, Corduroy, Denim, Seersucker, and Terrycloth. Cotton measured in ‘Bales’ that about 480 pound for A Bale. India extends farm at the rapid rate 50,000 hectares in 2002 to 8.4 million hectares in 2009, the total area of cultivation is about 9.6 million hectares that is about 35 % of the world cotton area.
China is the world leader in Cotton Production, and China is the largest populated country that makes it more farmers to cultivate that mean most of the production from small formers, it is also the largest importer and consumer of cotton. The total Cotton Production of the country is about 33 million bales.
Cotton Industry in India is Huge and it recognized as the birthplace of cotton industry for over 3000 years, it is also named for Finest and Beautiful cotton fabrics. India has first place in cotton cultivated area and second in production in the world after China. The total cotton production is around 27.0 million bales per year
USA is the largest country and using modern way of cultivation in hundreds of hectares, it is also imports cottons from major cotton producing countries. American farmers are cultivating cotton in the modern view with the machinery. The Production of cotton is about 18.0 million bales per year.
Pakistan is the 4th largest producer of cotton in the world, also one of the largest exporter and consumer. The Production done by small farmers, over 1.4 million farmers depending on cotton as their income and cultivating in over 3 million hectares of land. Pakistan produces about 10.3 million bales of cotton per year.
Brazil is the huge exporter of Agriculture Productions and Cotton is one of the largest cultivating Crops in the Country with Production of 9.3 million bales per year.
Europe is the major buyer for Uzbekistan, also the third largest exporter in the world, Uzbekistan most of the cotton production done by the small farmers and organically. The production is about 4.6 million bales of cotton per year.
Australia farmers were within the world’s first to see the possible bioengineering. Australia has best GDP and the farmers using modern technology to cultivate Cotton. The Production is about 4.2 million bales of cotton per year.
Turkish cotton industry has made way to development of local improvements, infrastructure and founded hundreds of textile firm. It exports quality cottons and the Production is about 2.8 million bales of cotton per year.
Cotton is one of the main income source to the country and the industries related to the cotton are developed well since the cotton cultivation improved. Turkmenstan is producing about 1.6 million bales of cotton per year.
Cotton cultivation has deep tradition in Greece, it exports cotton and production of cotton to the other countries. The land in Greece is suitable for cotton cultivation, and the farmers using modern technology to cultivate cotton, the production of cotton is about 1.4 million bales per year.